António Egas Moniz





António Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz (29 November 1874 – 13 December 1955), known as Egas Moniz ( Portuguese: [ˈɛɣɐʒ muˈniʃ] ), was a Portuguese neurologist and the developer of cerebral angiography. He is regarded as one of the founders of modern psychosurgery, having developed the surgical procedure leucotomy —​known better today as lobotomy —​for which he became the first Portuguese national to receive a Nobel Prize in 1949 (shared with Walter Rudolf Hess ).