Alexander Prokhorov

Alexander Mikhaylovich Prokhorov, or Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, ( Russian: Алекса́ндр Миха́йлович Про́хоров; 11 July 1916 – 8 January 2002) was a Soviet physicist known for his pioneering research on lasers and masers for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Charles Hard Townes and Nikolay Basov.